INTRODUCTION- ISRAEL INFRASTRUCTURE
developed world class Infrastructure in recent years, few details are :
country of short distances, cars, buses & trucks are the main means of
transportation. In recent years, the road network has been extensivelt expanded
& improved to accommodate the rapid increase in the number of vehicles as
well as to make even the most remote communities accessible. Current sections
of a multi-lane highway, to run almost 190 miles (300km), starting at Be’er
Sheva in the south & branching out to Rosh Hanikra & Rosh Pina in the
north are under construction, This road, which is still being debated because
of its environmental ramifications, is expected to make it possible to bypass
heavily populated areas, thus easing traffic congestion & providing fast
access to most areas of the country.
Railways operates passenger services between Tel Aviv, Haifa & Nahariya.
Freight services also operate further south, serving the port of Ashdod, the
citiesof Ashkelon & Be’er Sheva & the miniral quarries south of Dimona.
In recent years, both rail freight & passenger usage has increased. To help
alleviate problems caused by increased road traffic density, rapid rail transit
services – utilizing updgraded existing tracks – are now being instituted in
the Tel Aviv & Haifa areas, operated in coordination with bus feeder lines.
Many outmoded coaches now in use are being replaces by modern, air-conditioned
passenger cars, and up – to – date mechanical track – maintenance equipment is
being put into operation.
October 6, 2014, work began on the final tunnel portion for a high speed rail that
will connect Tel Aviv & Jerusalem. The train will be able to make the trip
netween the two cities in 28 minutes while travelling at 160 km/hr & is
stated to begin in late 2017. This section of the tunnel will run between
Sha’ar Hagai intersection on Route 1 to the Meyasseret Zion area, a distance of
about 9 miles. The total cost for the project is around $ 7 billion New Israeli
Shekels ($1.9 billion US). The high speed train will run four times during rush
hours, and will pass by Ben Gurion Airport as well as the towns of Modiin &
ancient Ports of Jaffa (Yafo), Caesarea & Arce (Akko) have been replaces by
three modern deep – water harbours at Haifa, Ashdod & Eilat which serve
International shipping. Haifa port is one of the largest container ports on the
Mediterrean Sea as well as a busy passenger terminal; Ashdod port is used
mainly for shipping goods; & the port of Eilat on the Red Sea links Israel
to the southern hemisphere & the Far East. In addition, a tanker port in
Ashkelon receives fuel shipments & a direct off – loading facility for
freighters supplying coal to the nearby power station operates in Hadera.
the Israel’s geographic location gives it the potential to become a transit
country for passengers & goods traversing the region, the Ports &
Railways Authority has designed a long – term master plan to meet future
transportation needs. Amoung other priorities, it advocated developing a modern
rail system, instituting state-of-the-art equipment in every phase of its
land & sea operations & setting
up a network of computer systems to control & supervise all of its
– Gurion International Airport (a 25 – minute drive from Tel Aviv, 50 minute
from Jerusalem) is Israel’s main & largest air terminal. Due to rapid
increases in the numbers of passengers arrivals & departures, the airport
is being extensively enlarged. Charter flights, mainly from Europe, &
domestic air travel are served by the Eilat airport in the south & small
airports near Tel Aviv in the center & Rosh Pina in the north.
Israel’s infrastructure sector offers potentially
attractive investment opportunities with plentiful, quality deal flow in both
primary and secondary markets. Its chief growth infrastructure segments include
local government authorities, defense industries, private companies and
Most infrastructure assets are owned by the Israeli
government which recognizes that investment and attention to infrastructure are
essential elements of successful future planning and sustainable economic
growth. This has resulted in increased efficiencies in government tenders for
public-private partnerships. The government also takes a significant
involvement in risk allocation – providing guarantees and other safety nets for
participants in these projects.
Future government projects include planned new air and sea
ports, roads, railways and mass transportation systems, power plants and energy
networks, and water systems.